The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on urban sustainability
Urban Systems: The COVID-19 pandemic and urban sustainability
The COVID-19 global pandemic has brought renewed attention to our cities in general and our neighbourhoods in particular, encouraging urban planners and others to think in new ways about the factors that enhance a community’s safety, livability and sustainability.
Before the emergence of the global pandemic it was often politically difficult for local governments to advance good urban planning practices, such as encouraging more walkable cities, adding green space and removing privileges for private vehicles.
As people were in enforced lockdowns with restricted mobility, urban planning concepts like the 15-minute city came to the fore, with more people becoming intrigued by the promise of a more local and slow pace of life where you can go to school, work and shop within a 15-minute walk or cycle from your home. In the spring and summer of 2020, we saw many cities implementing policies in support of sustainability and strengthening local neighbourhoods. (You can find a good description of the 15-minute city here.)
Paris is a leading example of this – restricting vehicle access in the city centre, adding bike lanes and creating more green spaces. Other examples include Bogotá, which this year added over 130 kilometres of bike lanes, and Barcelona, which announced an initiative to create a network of green streets and bring speed limits down to 30 kilometres an hour. Here in Vancouver, we’ve seen street calming, temporary bike lanes and sidewalk extensions.
What remains to be seen, however, is whether there will be continued momentum for these shifts when the social distancing measures put in place to contain the coronavirus are relaxed.
These practices and ideas aren’t new, and many planners, especially feminist scholars, have been advancing these ideas for years. It is just now with the confluence of concerns over COVID-19 and the climate crisis that these ideas have moved into the mainstream.
What these urban planning initiatives remind us is that we must think holistically about our decisions and actions.
One of the courses I teach is Urban Systems and Society, which is a foundational course in the Urban Systems program. Through case studies and discussion, students explore issues of equity, of who is being impacted by decisions. They look at race and gender within cities. They might explore the environmental impacts of large dam projects or tensions between the goals of renewable energy and biodiversity. We also talk about the issues of regulation and pricing of water and energy services.
The class uses a case study approach based on real-world examples, and the learning happens both from the case studies and from the cohort of students themselves. Students in Urban Systems come from many different disciplines, and as they work together, they come to appreciate the different perspectives and knowledge of their peers. The way a civil engineer approaches a question about managing a subway system can be quite different from the approach of an architect or urban planner. The learning environment within this class and the program encourages students to question their own biases and to develop frameworks for decision-making, particularly in those cases where you have limited information or data on which to base your decision.
The net result is that students gain the knowledge, confidence and vocabulary to think about urban planning issues in depth. Our students graduate with the ability to think beyond their own discipline, enabling them to be more confident taking leadership roles in organizations and balancing different perspectives and priorities as they work to create more environmentally sustainable, just and equitable cities.
Casanovas, R., Ciocoletto, A., Fonseca Salinas, M., Gutiérrez Valdivia, B., Muxí, Z., & Ortiz Escalante, S. (2014). Working Women: Urban Assessment Guide from a Gender Perspective. Barcelona: Col.lectiu Punt 6 Comanegra. Retrieved from www.punt6.wordpress.com
Honey-Rosés, J., I. Anguelovski, V.K. Chireh, C. Daher, C. Konijnendijk, J. Litt, V. Mawani, M. K. McCall, A. Orellana, E. Oscilowicz, U. Sánchez, M. Senbel, X. Tan, E. Villagomez, O. Zapata, M. Nieuwenhuijsen. 2020. The Impact of COVID-19 on Public Space: An Early Review of the Emerging Questions – Design, Perceptions and Inequities. Cities & Health doi: 10.1080/23748834.2020.1780074
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